Cell activity on type 316L stainless steel with self-organized nanopores formed by anodic polarization

Sayaka Miyabe, Takashi Suehiro, Yushi Fujinaga, Hiroaki Tsuchiya, Sachiko Hiromoto, Shinji Fujimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, we evaluated the osseoconductivity of Type 316L stainless steel with self-organized nanopores of three different average diameters(26, 90, and 177 nm), formed by anodic polarization. The proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity, and morphology of MC3T3-E1 mouse osteoblast-like cells, cultured on the self-organized nanopores were evaluated. The cell densities on samples with the nanopores were higher than those on mechanically finished surfaces that were mirror-polished or ground with #2000 SiC paper. In particular, the highest cell density and alkaline phosphatase activity were obtained on the nanoporous sample with the smallest diameter of 26 nm. Cells on the samples with 26 nm nanopores extended further and spread more filopodia compared with cells on samples with the other surface morphologies. Therefore, we concluded that self-organized nanopores with an optimal diameter(e.g., 26 nm)on Type 316L stainless steel could enhance long-term cell activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-276
Number of pages8
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Anodic polarization
  • Biomaterials
  • Nanopores
  • Osseoconductivity
  • Osteoblast
  • Type 316L stainless steels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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