To better understand the digestive physiology and phylogeny of the pancreatic serine proteases of teleosts, we cloned trypsin, chymotrypsin and elastase from flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). Fifty phage plaques randomly chosen from a flounder pancreatic cDNA library were found to contain three species of trypsin, two species of chymotrypsin and four species of elastase. cDNAs of two species of carboxypeptidase A, one carboxypeptidase B and lipase were also obtained. In total, 23 out of 24 digestive enzyme cDNAs were those of proteolytic enzymes. Such a high ratio of proteolytic enzyme cDNA in the pancreas may reflect the carnivorous feeding habits of flounder. A phylogenetic comparison of the peptide sequences of flounder enzymes with those of other teleosts and mammals suggested that duplication of trypsin, chymotrypsin and elastase occurred before the divergence of the ray finned fish. It is also hypothesized that functional descendants of both duplicated genes of elastase exist in the teleosts and mammals, whereas only one of the genes of trypsin and chymotrypsin gave rise to the functional descendants in the teleosts but not in the mammals.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aquatic Science
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Molecular Biology