CD3 and immunoglobulin G Fc receptor regulate cerebellar functions

Kazuhiro Nakamura, Hirokazu Hirai, Takashi Torashima, Taisuke Miyazaki, Hiromichi Tsurui, Yan Xiu, Mareki Ohtsuji, Shun Lin Qing, Kazuyuki Tsukamoto, Hiroyuki Nishimura, Masao Ono, Masahiko Watanabe, Sachiko Hirose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


The immune and nervous systems display considerable overlap in their molecular repertoire. Molecules originally shown to be critical for immune responses also serve neuronal functions that include normal brain development, neuronal differentiation, synaptic plasticity, and behavior. We show here that FcγRIIB, a low-affinity immunoglobulin G Fc receptor, and CD3 are involved in cerebellar functions. Although membranous CD3 and FcγRIIB are crucial regulators on different cells in the immune system, both CD3ε and FcγRIIB are expressed on Purkinje cells in the cerebellum. Both CD3ε-deficient mice and FcγRIIB-deficient mice showed an impaired development of Purkinje neurons. In the adult, rotarod performance of these mutant mice was impaired at high speed. In the two knockout mice, enhanced paired-pulse facilitation of parallel fiber-Purkinje cell synapses was shared. These results indicate that diverse immune molecules play critical roles in the functional establishment in the cerebellum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5128-5134
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jul
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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