Cation-anion packing and molecular motion in (m-fluoroanilinium) (dibenzo[18]crown-6)[Ni(mnt) 2] -(CH 3CN) 0.25 crystals

Kiyonori Takahashi, Norihisa Hoshino, Kazuya Kubo, Takayoshi Nakamura, Tomoyuki Akutagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hydrogen-bonding (m-fluoroanilinium)(dibenzo[18]crown-6) supramolecule was complexed with the monovalent [Ni(mnt) 2] - (mnt -2 = maleonitriledithiolate) anion and the crystal structure, thermal stability, and dielectric properties were investigated with respect to the motional freedom of m-fluoroanilinium (m-FAni +) in (m-FAni +)(dibenzo[18]crown-6)[Ni(mnt) 2] -·(CH 3CN) 0.25 (1). The π-planar [Ni(mnt) 2] - anions were stacked along the a-axis and the orientational disorder of fluorine atoms in the m-FAni + cation was observed by X-ray crystal structural analysis at 100 K. Thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry analyses and dielectric constant measurements showed an anomaly at 360 K during the first heating process, where the CH 3CN molecule was released from the crystal while maintaining the block-shape of the single crystal. The cation-anion packing was compared with that of ferroelectric (m-FAni +)(dibenzo[18]crown-6)[Ni(dmit) 2] - (2) and ferromagnetic (m-FAni +)(dibenzo[18] crown-6)[CrMn(oxalate) 3]·(CH 3CN)(CH 3OH) (3). The orientational disorder of the F-sites of m-FAni + in crystal 1 was associated with the presence of the CH 3CN molecule, which was different from the two-fold flip-flop motion of m-FAni + in ferroelectric crystal 2. Potential energy calculations revealed asymmetric double minimum-type potential energy with energy barriers of 180 and 900 kJ mol -1. The cation-anion packing of crystal 1 was loose compared with that of crystals 2 and 3; therefore, the thermal stability of crystal 1 was lower than that of crystals 2 and 3. The two-dimensional anionic layer in crystals 2 and 3 enhanced the thermal stability of the crystals, whereas the one-dimensional π-stacking structure of anions in 1 decreased its thermal stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5235-5241
Number of pages7
JournalCrystEngComm
Volume14
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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