Heteroarene formylations in DMF solution proceed in the presence of an amide base catalyst generated in situ from tetramethylammonium fluoride (TMAF) and tris(trimethylsilyl)amine (N(TMS)3). The reaction proceeds at room temperature and has an operationally simple procedure. Various heteroarenes, including benzothiophene, thiophene, benzothiazole, oxazole, and indole derivatives, can be formylated with high functional group tolerance.
- amide base catalyst
- room-temperature deprotonation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry