Catalytic copolymerization of CO2 and diols using CeO2 and 2-cyanopyridine

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

Direct and catalytic polymerization of CO2 and diols to polycarbonates is a promising technology as a simple and environmental-benign method. Generally, the synthesis of organic carbonates from alcohols and CO2 needs selective catalysts and effective dehydrating agents because of the serious equilibrium limitation, One of the conventional synthesis methods of organic carbonates is the reaction of alcohols with phosgene. However, the problems of this phosgene method are the usage of poisonous phosgene and large amount of salt byproduct for the neutralization Therefore the impact of the present work is related to the substitute for phosgene with CO2. There are no reports on the direct catalytic polymerization of CO2 and diols. and the present work is the first example using CeO2 catalyst and 2-cyanopyridine promotor. providing the alternating cooligomers in high diol-based yield (up to 99%) and selectivity (up to >99%). This combination of CeO2 and 2-cyanopyridine is also effective to various diols including linear C4-C10 α,ω-diols to give high yields of the corresponding cooligomers. which cannot be synthesized by conventional methods such as copolymerization of CO2 and cyclic ethers and ring-opening polymerization of cyclic carbonates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages58-68
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1
Event27th Annual Saudi-Japan Symposium on Technology in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals - Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
Duration: 2017 Nov 202017 Nov 21

Other

Other27th Annual Saudi-Japan Symposium on Technology in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals
CountrySaudi Arabia
CityDhahran
Period17/11/2017/11/21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Chemistry(all)

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