Catalyst Development for the Power Generation by Biomass Gasification: Efficiency in Catalytic Gasification of Cellulose at Low Temperature

Keiichi Tomishige, Mohammad Asadullah, Shuntarou Koyama, Shin Ichi Ito, Kimio Kunimori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unlike the conventional methods of biomass gasification to hydrogen and synthesis gas which are conducted at high temperature, this study is concerned with developing a catalyst for energy efficient power generation by catalytic gasification of biomass at lower reaction temperature. Rh/CeO 2/SiO2 catalysts with various CeO2 content were used in cellulose gasification. The optimum content was found to be 35 wt % CeO2. The catalytic reaction of this Rh/CeO2/SiO 2(35) catalyst was compared with conventional methods (steam reforming Ni catalyst, dolomite, non-catalyst) in terms of C-conversion to gas and cold gas efficiency. The Rh/CeO2/SiO2(35) catalyst exhibited much higher performance than other methods and can enhance the energy efficiency of power generation using biomass gasification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-266
Number of pages6
JournalNihon Enerugi Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biomass gasification
  • Cellulose
  • Ceria catalyst
  • Cold gas efficiency
  • Rhodium catalyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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