Catalysis of the covalent binding of 3-hydroxyamino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole to DNA by a L-proline- and adenosine triphosphate-dependent enzyme in rat hepatic cytosol

Y. Yamazoe, M. Shimada, A. Shinohara, K. Saito, T. Kamataki, R. Kato

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    Abstract

    An enzymatic mechanism involved in the activation of 3-hydroxyamino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (N-hydroxy-Trp-P-2), a mutagenic intermediate of a tryptophan pyrolysate, was studied in vitro. In hepatic cytosol supplemented with adenosine triphosphate and L-proline, N-hydroxy-Trp-P-2 was converted to a form which reacts readily with DNA. The enzyme responsible for the activation was partially purified and identified as prolyl transfer RNA synthetase as judged by their cofactor requirements, inhibition by pyrophosphate or adenosine monophosphate, and copurification of their activities. The prolyl transfer RNA-dependent covalent binding of N-hydroxy-Trp-P-2 to DNA of hepatic cytosol was highest in rats, followed by mice, hamsters, rabbits, and guinea pigs in that order. The capacity for the binding of N-hydroxy-Trp-P-2 was largely consistent with their prolyl transfer RNA synthetase activity. With regard to the ultimate form of N-hydroxy-Trp-P-2 for the covalent binding, a possible formation of N,O-prolyl-3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole was proposed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2495-2500
    Number of pages6
    JournalCancer Research
    Volume45
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 1985

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cancer Research
    • Oncology

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