Catalysis of a peptidic micellar assembly covalently immobilized within mesoporous silica channels: Importance of amphiphilic spatial design

Wataru Otani, Kazushi Kinbara, Qingmin Zhang, Katsuhiko Ariga, Takuzo Aida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A mesostructured silica/organic composite 1-MS, constructed from a rodlike micelle of amino acid amphiphile 1 that has a condensable head group and that can be used as a template, was found to be able to catalyze the acetalization of cyclohexanone, in ethanol at 25 °C (50% in 12 h), whereas no reaction took place with unfunctionalized mesoporous silica. In sharp contrast, hydrolytic removal of the C16 alkyl tail of immobilized 1 resulted in the complete disappearance of the catalytic activity, which suggests the importance of a Hydrophobic inner domain for the admission of cyclohexanone. Unsupported peptide amphiphile 2, under identical conditions to those above, was inefficient for acetalization regardless of the absence (2% in 24 h) or presence of mesoporous silica (7% in 24 h). Reference composite 2-MS, which is a noncovalently immobilized peptidic micelle, was virtually inactive (1 % in 24 h). These observations indicate the importance of covalent immobilization of the peptidic rod micelle for catalysis. Mesostructured silicate 3MS hybridized with a nonpeptidic, ammonium ion amphiphile (3) showed a certain catalytic activity, but the yield (12% in 24 h) of the acetal was much lower than that achieved by using 1MS as the catalyst. Amorphous silica with immobilized 1 on its surface was much less active than 1-MS for acetalization (5% in 24 h).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1731-1736
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun 25

Keywords

  • Acetalization
  • Heterogeneous catalysis
  • Mesoporous materials
  • Micelles
  • Peptides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

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