In cerebellar Purkinje neurons, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mediated inhibitory synaptic transmission undergoes a long-lasting "rebound potentiation" after the activation of excitatory climbing fiber inputs. Rebound potentiation is triggered by the climbing-fiber-induced transient elevation of intracellular Ca2+ concentration and is expressed as a long-lasting increase of postsynaptic GABAA receptor sensitivity. Herein we show that inhibitors of the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM-KII) signal transduction pathway effectively block the induction of rebound potentiation. These inhibitors have no effect on the once established rebound potentiation, on voltage-gated Ca2+ channel currents, or on the basal inhibitory transmission itself. Futhermore, a protein phosphatase inhibitor and the intracellularly applied CaM-KII markedly enhanced GABA-mediated currents in Purkinje neurons. Our results demonstrate that CaM-KII activation and the following phosphorylation are key steps for rebound potentiation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 1996 Nov 12|
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