Glycogen synthase from skeletal muscle was phosphorylated by a Ca2+, calmodulin-dependent protein kinase from brain, with concomitant inactivation. About 0.7 mol phosphate/mol subunit was sufficient for a maximal inactivation of glycogen synthase. Further phosphorylation of the enzyme had no effect on the activity. The concentrations required to give half-maximal phosphorylation and inactivation of glycogen synthase were 1.1 and 0.5 μm for Ca2+, and 22 and 11 nm for calmodulin, respectively. The molar ratio of the subunit of the protein kinase to calmodulin was 2-3:1 for half-maximal phosphorylation and inactivation of glycogen synthase. The Km values for glycogen synthase and ATP were 3.6 and 114 μm, respectively, for phosphorylation. Phosphate was incorporated into sites Ia, Ib, and 2 on glycogen synthase, and site 2 was the most rapidly phosphorylated. These results indicate that the brain Ca2+, calmodulin-dependent protein kinase is probably involved in glycogen metabolism in the brain as a glycogen synthase kinase.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology