Case of adrenocorticotropic hormone-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia with possible adrenal hypersensitivity to angiotensin II

Y. Nakamura, Y. Son, Y. Kohno, D. Shimono, N. Kuwamura, H. Koshiyama, H. Sasano, T. Matsuda

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With increasing case reports, it has been indicated that some cases with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (AIMAH) show abnormal responses in cortisol to various stimulation tests. Here we report a case of AIMAH that showed an aberrant response to angiotensin II via AT1 receptor in cortisol hypersecretion. A 53-yr-old man was admitted to our division seeking further examinations for the possible diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome. He had hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and physical stigmata, such as moon face and central obesity. His plasma ACTH level was undetectable, and plasma cortisol level was high. Plasma cortisol showed no normal diurnal rhythm and was not suppressed after the administration of 8 mg of dexamethasone. Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated nodular enlargement of bilateral adrenal glands. He was diagnosed with Cushing's syndrome owing to AIMAH. An injection of arginine vasopressin (AVP) increased plasma cortisol and aldosterone levels, whereas ACTH remained undetectable. After 4 h in an upright position, plasma cortisol and aldosterone levels were increased. Pre-treatment with candesartan, angiotensin II receptor AT1 antagonist, blocked the increase in plasma cortisol level. These results suggested a possibility of adrenal hypersensitivity to angiotensin II and AVP in cortisol secretion. Bilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed. The histological findings of the specimen were compatible with AIMAH. In summary, we have made the first report on a case of AIMAH with possible hypersensitivity to angiotensin II.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-61
Number of pages5
JournalEndocrine
Volume15
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AT1 receptor
  • Adrenal hypersensitivity
  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia
  • Angiotensin II
  • Arginine vasopressin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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    Nakamura, Y., Son, Y., Kohno, Y., Shimono, D., Kuwamura, N., Koshiyama, H., Sasano, H., & Matsuda, T. (2001). Case of adrenocorticotropic hormone-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia with possible adrenal hypersensitivity to angiotensin II. Endocrine, 15(1), 57-61.