We investigated whether saber sheath-type tracheomalacia could be treated by the slow release of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 from a gelatin sponge. A 1 cm gap was made in the middle portion of each of 10 consecutive tracheal cartilage rings in the canine cervix (control group, n = 3), then a gelatin sponge containing 12 μg of BMP-2 solution was implanted in the gap (12 μg group, n = 3). In another group (120 μg + P group, n = 3), the implanted gelatin sponge contained 120 μg of BMP-2 solution, and the gap was covered with periosteum. All of the control dogs developed saber sheath-type tracheomalacia, whereas tracheomalacia was not observed in the 12 μg and 120 μg + P groups. In the 12 μg group, fibrous cartilage was observed at the ends of the cartilage stumps. In the 120 μg + P group, newly formed bone and cartilage were observed to form a bridge between the cartilage stumps. The regeneration of cartilage or bone induced by the slow release of BMP-2 from a gelatin sponge might be useful for treatment of tracheomalacia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering