Aim: The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a new non-invasive marker of arterial stiffness and atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to compare CAVI in patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) and in healthy controls. Methods: 82 FH subjects (27 males, 65 females), aged 53.7±13.6 years without clinical symptoms of cardiovascular diseases and 359 healthy controls (121 males, 238 females), aged 43.9±14.9 years, were examined. CAVI was measured using the system VaSera® 1500. Results: CAVI in FH patients was significantly higher (8.0 ± 1.4) than in healthy subjects (7.5± 1.3) p = 0.002; however, age, sex and BMI adjusted CAVI did not differ significantly (p = 0.061) between the FH group (7.5, CI: 7.3; 7.7) and control group (7.7, CI: 7.6; 7.7). Conclusion: The study showed no significant difference in CAVI between heterozygous FH and healthy controls.
- Cardio-ankle vascular index
- Familial hypercholesterolemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Biochemistry, medical