Carbohydrate-restricted diet alters the gut microbiota, promotes senescence and shortens the life span in senescence-accelerated prone mice

Chaoqi He, Qiming Wu, Nao Hayashi, Fumika Nakano, Eriko Nakatsukasa, Tsuyoshi Tsuduki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet on aging, brain function, intestinal bacteria and the life span to determine long-term carbohydrate-restriction effects on the aging process in senescence-accelerated prone mice (SAMP8). Three-week-old male SAMP8 were divided into three groups after a week of preliminary feeding. One group was given a controlled diet, while the others fed on high-fat and carbohydrate-restricted diets, respectively. The mice in each group were further divided into two subgroups, of which one was the longevity measurement group. The other groups fed ad libitum until the mice were 50 weeks old. Before the test period termination, passive avoidance test evaluated the learning and memory abilities. Following the test period, serum and various mice organs were obtained and submitted for analysis. The carbohydrate-restricted diet group exhibited significant decrease in the survival rate as compared to the other two diet groups. The passive avoidance test revealed a remarkable decrease in the learning and memory ability of carbohydrate-restricted diet group as compared to the control-diet group. Measurement of lipid peroxide level in tissues displayed a marked increase in the brain and spleen of carbohydrate-restricted diet group than the control-diet and high-fat diet groups. Furthermore, notable serum IL-6 and IL-1β level (inflammation indicators) elevations, decrease in Enterobacteria (with anti-inflammatory action), increase in inflammation-inducing Enterobacteria and lowering of short-chain fatty acids levels in cecum were observed in the carbohydrate-restricted diet group. Hence, carbohydrate-restricted diet was revealed to promote aging and shortening of life in SAMP8.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108326
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Volume78
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Carbohydrate-restricted diet
  • Gut microbiota
  • Senescence-accelerated mice
  • Short-chain fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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