Time-resolved serial femtosecond crystallography using an X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) in conjunction with a photosensitive caged-compound offers a crystallographic method to track enzymatic reactions. Here we demonstrate the application of this method using fungal NO reductase, a heme-containing enzyme, at room temperature. Twenty milliseconds after caged-NO photolysis, we identify a NO-bound form of the enzyme, which is an initial intermediate with a slightly bent Fe-N-O coordination geometry at a resolution of 2.1 Å. The NO geometry is compatible with those analyzed by XFEL-based cryo-crystallography and QM/MM calculations, indicating that we obtain an intact Fe3+-NO coordination structure that is free of X-ray radiation damage. The slightly bent NO geometry is appropriate to prevent immediate NO dissociation and thus accept H- from NADH. The combination of using XFEL and a caged-compound is a powerful tool for determining functional enzyme structures during catalytic reactions at the atomic level.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)