In this letter, capacitive mass sensing with a 250-nm-thick single-crystalline silicon cantilever is investigated. The mass sensor employs the frequency modulation detection method using an electrical LC oscillator, in which the capacitance of the sensor serves as the component of the oscillator. The displacement noise of the demonstrated capacitive detection is 0.05 nm (Hz)0.5, which is equivalent to the capacitance change of 2.4× 10-21 F. It is experimentally shown that the capacitive detection is less affected to temperature fluctuation noise than optical detection. The detectable minimum mass of 1× 10-14 g is achieved using capacitive detection in ambient atmosphere.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)