Capacitive detection of magnetostriction, dielectric constant, and magneto-caloric effects in pulsed magnetic fields

Atsushi Miyake, Hiroyuki Mitamura, Shiro Kawachi, Kenta Kimura, Tsuyoshi Kimura, Takumi Kihara, Makoto Tachibana, Masashi Tokunaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the development of a capacitance measuring system that allows measurements of capacitance in pulsed magnetic fields up to 61 T. By using this system, magnetic-field responses of various physical quantities, such as magnetostriction, magnetic-field-induced change in complex dielectric constant, and magneto-caloric effect, can be investigated in pulsed-magnetic-field conditions. Here, we examine the validity of our system for investigations of these magnetic-field-induced phenomena in pulse magnets. For the magnetostriction measurement, magnetostriction of a specimen can be measured through a change in the capacitance between two aligned electrodes glued on the specimen and a dilatometer. We demonstrate a precise detection of valley polarization in semimetallic bismuth through a magnetostriction signal with a resolution better than 10-6 of the relative length change. For the magnetic-field-induced change in complex dielectric constant, we successfully observed clear dielectric anomalies accompanied by magnetic/magnetoelectric phase transitions in multiferroic Pb(TiO)Cu4(PO4)4. For the measurement of magneto-caloric effect, a magnetic-field-induced change in sample temperature was verified for Gd3Ga5O12 with a capacitance thermometer made of a non-magnetic ferroelectric compound KTa1-xNbxO3 (x = 0.02) whose capacitance is nearly field-independent. These results show that our capacitance measuring system is a promising tool to study various magnetic-field-induced phenomena, which have been difficult to detect in pulsed magnetic fields.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105103
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume91
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

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