Can personality traits predict pathological responses to audiovisual stimulation?

Tomoyuki Yambe, Makoto Yoshizawa, Shin Fukudo, Hiroshi Fukuda, Ryuta Kawashima, Kazuhiko Shizuka, Shunsuke Nanka, Akira Tanaka, Ken Ichi Abe, Tomonori Shouji, Michio Hongo, Kouichi Tabayashi, Shin Ichi Nitta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The "Pockemon shock" is the most famous accident in the history of the broadcasting industry in Japan. Based on the experiences of this unfortunate accident from famous animation program "Pocket Monster", this study focused on the psychology and psychosomatics of the patients. A head-mounted display was used as the three-dimensional image presentation device and "Descent", a free software shooting game, was used as the software. Ten healthy adult male volunteers were used in this experiment after obtaining their informed consent. The oxygen metabolic change in the anterior lobe of the brain was measured by near infrared spectroscopy and recorded on an electrocardiogram. The mental scaling tendency of the object was analyzed using the type A behavior pattern and the hostility scaling. The Cook and Medley hostility (HO) scale from the Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) was also used in this experiment. From this scaling methodology, the paranoid scale, cynicism scale, lie scale, social support quality and social support quantity were calculated. All measured time series data were kept in the normal range, and no fatal arrhythmia or epilepsy were observed during experiments. In some cases, the brain oxygen metabolism may completely differ for the objects of Type A and Type B behavior patterns. On the whole, correlation did not become significant in type A scaling and hostility scaling. In a comparison of the percent changes of the HF in HRV with lie scaling, significant negative correlation was observed. The social support quantity was calculated from Cook and Medley, and significant negative correlations were observed with percent changes of LF/HF in HRV. The lie scale and social support quantity are opposite scaling. The sympathetic nervous system and parasympathetic nervous system have an opposite function also. Therefore, our results showed an interesting phenomenon, when considering the relationship between the autonomic function and the pathophysiological reaction to the audiovisual stimulations. As for the photo sensitive epilepsy, it was reported to be only 5-10% for all patients. Therefore, 90% or more of the cause could not be determined in patients who started a morbid response. The results in this study suggest that the autonomic function was connected to the mental tendency of the objects. By examining such directivity, it is expected that subjects, which show morbid reaction to an audiovisual stimulation, can be screened beforehand.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-86
Number of pages4
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Volume57
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Oct

Keywords

  • Heart rate variability (HRV)
  • Hostility scale
  • Social support quantity
  • Type A behavior pattern
  • Virtual reality (VR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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