Can axion clumps be formed in a pre-inflationary scenario?

Hayato Fukunaga, Naoya Kitajima, Yuko Urakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The QCD axion and an axion-like particle (ALP) are compelling candidates of dark matter. For the QCD axion, it is known that when the Peccei-Quinn (PQ) symmetry is spontaneously broken after inflation, the large initial fluctuation can lead to axion clump formation. On the other hand, when the symmetry is already broken during inflation, it has been believed that the axion clump formation does not occur due to the small amplitude of the initial axion fluctuation. We revisit this prevailing understanding, considering both the QCD axion and an ALP. In our analysis, the clump formation was not observed for the QCD axion even if we consider an extremely fine-tuned initial condition. Meanwhile, for an ALP which allows a more general potential form, we show that the clump formation can take place through the tachyonic instability or/and the resonance instability, considering a multiple cosine potential.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb


  • axions
  • particle physics - cosmology connection
  • physics of the early universe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


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