Calcareous nannofossil assemblages of the upper Miocene to Pliocene Shimajiri Group on Okinawa-jima, Ryukyu Islands, southwestern Japan

Ryo Imai, Tokiyuki Sato, Yasufumi Iryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and paleoceanography of the Shimajiri Group in two exploratory wells (depths, 1243 and 1800 m) drilled on southern Okinawa-jima, Ryukyu Islands, southwestern Japan. Three late Miocene to Pliocene datum planes were identified: the first occurrence of Amaurolithus spp. (7.42 Ma), the last occurrence of Discoaster quinqueramus (5.59 Ma), and the first occurrence of Ceratolithus rugosus (5.12 Ma). These datum planes were also identified in two other deep wells on southern Okinawa-jima. Nutrient levels (reconstructed from the relative abundances of small Reticulofenestra spp., and the relative abundances of Discoaster spp. plus Sphenolithus abies) suggest that deposition of the Shimajiri Group (<8.29–3.50 Ma) occurred under conditions of increasing eutrophication. The eutrophication was likely caused by shallowing of the sedimentary basin, but a stepwise shift was associated with an abrupt eutrophication event that occurred in the northwestern Pacific Ocean at 5 Ma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-24
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
Volume135
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Biostratigraphy
  • Calcareous nannofossil
  • Miocene
  • Paleoceanography
  • Pliocene
  • Ryukyu Islands
  • Shimajiri Group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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