Expression of human c-kit proto-oncogene and interleukin-7 receptor (IL-7R) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells expressing CD7 was examined by Northern-blot analysis and reversed transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay in relation to the phenotypes. Leukemic cells from four out of 12 CD7+ ALL patients, all of which fulfilled the criteria of ALL in the FAB classification, expressed c-kit genes. Surface CD3 (sCD3) was absent in all of these cases, while cytoplasmic CD3 (cCD3) was found in the two sCD3- cases. CDSe transcripts were detected in one of the sCD3- cCD3- cases. IL-7R genes were transcribed in the three cases with c-kit gene expression. In addition, there was a good correlation between c-kit gene expression and myeloid associated antigen CD13 positivity of the leukemic cells. None of the patients with c-kit gene expression had mediastinal tumor. Our results show that leukemic cells in a proportion of CD7+ ALL express receptors for cytokines that are secreted by bone marrow stromal cells. Ligands for c-kit genes and IL-7 could play an important role for the regulation of proliferation and differentiation of T-cell progenitors in bone marrow.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1992 Jul|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research