In the first study, to clarify whether increased vagal afferent activity contributes to the increase in ventilatory response to CO2 in patients with asthma, we examined the effects of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) inhalation on the respiratory response to CO2 in seven normal subjects. After PGE2 inhalation, the ventilatory and occlusion pressure responses to CO2 increased significantly compared with those after saline inhalation, with no increase in respiratory resistance. These results suggest that increase in vagal afferent activity may play a role in the increased hypercapnic response during acute exacerbations of asthma. In the second study, to clarify the reduced respiratory chemosensitivity associated with asthma-related deaths, we examined the hypercapnic and hypoxic ventilatory responses in five patients with near-fatal asthma who were given artificial ventilation and/or became unconsciousness during an acute exacerbation of asthma. Hypoxic ventilatory response was significantly lower in these subjects than in patients with uncomplicated asthma and normal subjects, suggesting that lowered hypoxic ventilatory response may be related to death from asthma.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Nihon Kyōbu Shikkan Gakkai zasshi|
|Publication status||Published - 1992 Dec|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine