Broca aphasia with neologisms

Osamu Iizuka, Kyoko Suzuki, Toshikatsu Fujii, Yoshiko Endo, Etsuro Mori, Atsushi Yamadori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Patients with jargon aphasia generally have fluent speech with poor comprehension. However, outstanding jargons may appear in non-fluent aphasics. We report a 69-year-old left-handed woman with non-fluent jargon aphasia due to lesions in the right frontoparietal area. Features of her speech included non-fluent meaningless sequences of syllables, i. e., phonetic jargon, which was obvious in all the tasks including spontaneous speech, repetition, naming and reading. Her utterance was sparse, but not effortful or anarthric. She understood most of spoken single words, but was confused by complex sentences. Brain CTs revealed acute lesions affecting the inferior and middle frontal gyri, insular cortex, precentral and postcentral gyri, and a part of the angular gyrus in the right hemisphere. Old infarcts were also noted in the right frontal pole and prefrontal area. The unique feature of her language impairment suggested somewhat deviated lateralization and localization of her language function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-597
Number of pages5
JournalBrain and Nerve
Volume56
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jul

Keywords

  • Broca aphasia
  • Lateralization
  • Left-handedness
  • Non-fluent jargon aphasia
  • Phonetic jargon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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