Broad-lined Supernova 2016coi with a Helium Envelope

Masayuki Yamanaka, Tatsuya Nakaoka, Masaomi Tanaka, Keiichi Maeda, Satoshi Honda, Hidekazu Hanayama, Tomoki Morokuma, Masataka Imai, Kenzo Kinugasa, Katsuhiro L. Murata, Takefumi Nishimori, Osamu Hashimoto, Hirotaka Gima, Kensuke Hosoya, Ayano Ito, Mayu Karita, Miho Kawabata, Kumiko Morihana, Yuto Morikawa, Kotone MurakamiTakahiro Nagayama, Tatsuharu Ono, Hiroki Onozato, Yuki Sarugaku, Mitsuteru Sato, Daisuke Suzuki, Jun Takahashi, Masaki Takayama, Hijiri Yaguchi, Hiroshi Akitaya, Yuichiro Asakura, Koji S. Kawabata, Daisuke Kuroda, Daisaku Nogami, Yumiko Oasa, Toshihiro Omodaka, Yoshihiko Saito, Kazuhiro Sekiguchi, Nozomu Tominaga, Makoto Uemura, Makoto Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the early-phase spectra and the light curves of the broad-lined (BL) supernova (SN) 2016coi from t = 7 to 67 days after the estimated explosion date. This SN was initially reported as a BL Type SN Ic (SN Ic-BL). However, we found that spectra up to t = 12 days exhibited the He i λ5876, λ6678, and λ7065 absorption lines. We show that the smoothed and blueshifted spectra of normal SNe Ib are remarkably similar to the observed spectrum of SN 2016coi. The line velocities of SN 2016coi were similar to those of SNe Ic-BL and significantly faster than those of SNe Ib. Analyses of the line velocity and light curve suggest that the kinetic energy and the total ejecta mass of SN 2016coi are similar to those of SNe Ic-BL. Together with BL SNe 2009bb and 2012ap, for which the detection of He i was also reported, these SNe could be transitional objects between SNe Ic-BL and SNe Ib, and be classified as BL Type "Ib" SNe (SNe "Ib"-BL). Our work demonstrates the diversity of the outermost layer in BL SNe, which should be related to the variety of the evolutionary paths.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume837
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 1

Keywords

  • supernovae: general
  • supernovae: individual (SN 2016coi, SNe 1998bw, 2008D, 2009bb, 2012au)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Yamanaka, M., Nakaoka, T., Tanaka, M., Maeda, K., Honda, S., Hanayama, H., Morokuma, T., Imai, M., Kinugasa, K., Murata, K. L., Nishimori, T., Hashimoto, O., Gima, H., Hosoya, K., Ito, A., Karita, M., Kawabata, M., Morihana, K., Morikawa, Y., ... Watanabe, M. (2017). Broad-lined Supernova 2016coi with a Helium Envelope. Astrophysical Journal, 837(1), [1]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa5f57