The glassy state of a high-pressure heat-treated Zr50Cu40Al10 metallic glass was investigated from energetic and volumetric perspectives. The specific heat (Cp) data of initial heating and subsequent cooling from the supercooled liquid region indicates that the sample behaviour cannot be explained simply by the derivative of the well-known enthalpy (H)–temperature (T) curve. Unlike the Cp data, the thermal-expansion coefficient (α) value increased monotonically during the first heating step, which suggests the collapse of a one-to-one correspondence between the energy and volume during the process. The α data of the cooling process follow almost the same path as those of the as-cast process, whereas the corresponding Cp curves do not. This result implies that the volume appears to be more sensitive to obeying external heat compared with energy, which highlights the different time scale for achieving an equilibrium state in energy and volume. The second heating data of the Cp and α exhibit an inverse relationship against the corresponding first heating set, which confirms the breakdown of a one-to-one correspondence during annealing. The newly constructed energy–density diagram shows that the treated sample is rejuvenated volumetrically but is relaxed energetically during aging, which has never been observed experimentally previously.
ASJC Scopus subject areas