Bovine heart microsomes have been found to contain a non-heme iron protein which serves as an electron acceptor for NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase and therefore stimulates NADPH oxidation. This protein, tentatively referred to as Microsomal Iron Protein (MIP), has been extracted with Triton N-101 and purified by ion exchange chromatography on CM- and DEAE-celluloses and gel filtration on Sepharose 6B. MIP is an M(r) = 66,000 monomer with 17 atoms of Fe(III)/molecule. Incubation with dithionite removes iron from MIP and abolishes the stimulation of NADPH oxidation, but subsequent incubation with nitrilotriacetic-Fe(III) reincorporates iron and restores the stimulation of NADPH oxidation. Oxygen is the ultimate electron acceptor. In the presence of oxygen, the enzymatic reduction of MIP Fe(III) is followed by the reoxidation of Fe(II) at the expense of oxygen, generating superoxide anion and regenerating MIP Fe(III) for the continuous oxidation of NADPH. In the absence of oxygen, electron transfer from the reductase to MIP Fe(III) causes the release of Fe(II), which limits the ability of MIP to serve as an electron acceptor and stimulate NADPH oxidation. The - NH2-terminal of MIP has been sequenced, and no homology has been found with the sequence of other iron storage or transport proteins such as ferritin or transferrin.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology