OBJECTIVES: Recent accumulating evidence indicates that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a lipid mediator, abundantly present in blood, with a wide range of biologic actions including the regulation of proliferation and contraction in liver cells. Although it is speculated that LPA might play a role in pathophysiologic processes in vivo, not only its role but also even a possible alteration in its blood concentration under specific diseases is essentially unknown. Autotaxin (ATX), originally purified as an autocrine motility factor for melanoma cells, was revealed to be a key enzyme in LPA synthesis. We determined LPA and ATX levels in the blood of patients with liver disease. METHODS: ATX activity was measured by determining choline with the substrate of lysophosphatidylcholine, and the LPA level by an enzymatic cycling method in 41 patients with chronic hepatitis C. RESULTS: The serum ATX activity and plasma LPA level were significantly increased in patients, and were correlated positively with serum hyaluronic acid, and negatively with platelets, albumin, and prothrombin time. The plasma LPA level was strongly correlated with serum ATX activity. There were significant correlations between the histologic stage of fibrosis and both the serum ATX activity and plasma LPA level. CONCLUSIONS: The serum ATX activity and plasma LPA level are increased in chronic hepatitis C in association with liver fibrosis. Our study may provide the first evidence showing a significant increase of both ATX and LPA in the blood under a specific disease.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Jul 1|
- Lysophospholipase D
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