Bosoite, a new silica clathrate mineral from Chiba Prefecture, Japan

Koichi Momma, Takuji Ikeda, Toshiro Nagase, Takahiro Kuribayashi, Chibune Honma, Katsumi Nishikubo, Naoki Takahashi, Masayuki Takada, Yoshitaka Matsushita, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Satoshi Matsubara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bosoite (IMA2014-023) is a new silica clathrate mineral containing hydrocarbon molecules in its crystal structure. Bosoite can be considered structurally as a silica analogue of the structure-H gas hydrate, where guest molecules are trapped in cage-like voids constructed of the host framework. The mineral occurs in the Miocene tuffaceous sedimentary rocks at Arakawa, Minami-boso City, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Bosoite is hexagonal, and it crystallises as an epitaxial intergrowth on chibaite crystals, with the {0001} of bosoite parallel to octahedral {111} form of chibaite. Crystals are colourless and transparent with vitreous lustre. The calculated density is 2.04 g/cm3. The empirical formula (based on 2 O apfu and guest molecules assumed as CH4) is Na0.01(Si0.98Al0.02)Σ1.00O2?0.50CH4; the end-member formula is SiO2?nCxH2x+2. Bosoite has the space group P6/mmm, with the unit-cell parameters a = 13.9020(3) Å, c = 11.2802(2) Å, V = 1887.99(6) Åand Z = 34. The crystal structure of bosoite was refined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and converged to R1 = 4.26% for the average model and R1 = 2.96% for the model where all oxygen sites are split.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)941-948
Number of pages8
JournalMineralogical Magazine
Volume84
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

Keywords

  • Japan
  • bosoite
  • chibaite
  • hydrocarbon
  • new mineral
  • silica clathrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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