Bone morphogenetic protein-2 modulates Wnt and frizzled expression and enhances the canonical pathway of Wnt signaling in normal keratinocytes

Lujun Yang, Kenshi Yamasaki, Yuji Shirakata, Xiuju Dai, Sho Tokumaru, Yoko Yahata, Mikiko Tohyama, Yasushi Hanakawa, Koji Sayama, Koji Hashimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and Wnt are involved in the normal development and tumorigenesis of several organs, and in the development of skin and skin appendages as a morphogen. However, the crosstalk between BMP-2 and the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is not clear. Objective: We examined BMP-2-dependent expression of Wnt and its receptor frizzled in normal human keratinocytes. Methods: The mRNA expression of the Wnt and frizzled families was analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or ribonuclease protection assay. β-Catenin expression was measured using RT-PCR and Western blotting. T-cell factor/lymphoid enhancing factor activity was analyzed using the luciferase reporter assay. Results: We detected the expression of Wnt-2b/13, -4, -5a, -5b, -7a, -7b, and -10a, frizzled-1, -4, -5, -6, -8, -9, and -10, MFRP, and SFRP-1/SARP-2 in keratinocytes. BMP-2 increased Wnt-2b/13, -5b, and -7b, and frizzled-6, -8, and -10. Conversely, BMP-2 suppressed Wnt-10a and SFRP-1/SARP-2. Although Wnt-4 expression was not affected by BMP-2 in confluent conditioned keratinocytes, BMP-2 suppressed cell density-dependent Wnt-4 induction. The transcriptional activity of TCF/LEF, which is a target of the canonical Wnt pathway, was upregulated by BMP-2 in both time- and dose-dependent manners. However, BMP-2-dependent differentiation of keratinocytes suppressed TCF/LEF transcriptional activity. Conclusion: These results suggest that BMP-2 modulates the expression of molecules involved in Wnt signaling, and activates the canonical Wnt pathway in normal human keratinocytes. Moreover, Wnt signaling may be influenced by the fate of keratinocytes, such as proliferation, migration, and differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-119
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of dermatological science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May
Externally publishedYes


  • BMP-2
  • Frizzled
  • Keratinocyte
  • Wnt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology


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