Bone metabolism of residual ridge beneath the denture base of an RPD observed using NaF-PET/CT

Hanako Suenaga, Masayoshi Yokoyama, Keiichiro Yamaguchi, Keiichi Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Patient: A 66-year-old woman, who had a bilateral free-end edentulous mandible and no experience with dentures, was examined for the chief complaint of masticatory dysfunction on left side of dental arch. A unilateral distal extension removable partial denture (RPD) replacing lower-left molars was selected. Tomographic images were obtained using Fluorine-18 NaF positron emission computerized tomography (NaF-PET)/ computed tomography (CT) before the RPD use and at 1, 6, and 13 weeks after the RPD use to observe the metabolic changes in residual bone caused by the RPD use. PET standardized uptake values (SUVs) and CT values were calculated for lower-left edentulous site (test side) and lowerright edentulous site (control side). As a result, SUVs on the control side remained static after the RPD use, whereas those on the test side increased at 1 and 6 weeks after the RPD use and then decreased. However, CT images showed no obvious changes in the bone shape and structure beneath RPD, and CT values both on the control and test sides did not change either. Discussion: This report shows that NaF-PET could detect bone metabolic changes soon after the RPD use, which cannot be detected by clinical Xrays. The SUV changes may be a mechanobiological reaction to the pressure due to the RPD use, and wearing of the RPD may increase the bone turnover beneath denture. Conclusion: This report demonstrates that wearing of an RPD increases bone turnover beneath denture immediately after the RPD use without clinically detectable changes in bone structure or volume.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-46
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Prosthodontic Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan


  • Bone metabolism
  • NaF-PET
  • RPD
  • Residual ridge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)


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