BMP-2 Enhances Lgr4 Gene Expression in Osteoblastic Cells

Chantida Pawaputanon Na Mahasarakham, Yoichi Ezura, Makiri Kawasaki, Arayal Smriti, Shuichi Moriya, Takayuki Yamada, Yayoi Izu, Akira Nifuji, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Yuichi Izumi, Masaki Noda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoporosis is one of the most prevalent diseases and the number of patients suffering from this disease is soaring due to the increase in the aged population in the world. The severity of bone loss in osteoporosis is based on the levels of impairment in the balance between bone formation and bone resorption, two arms of the bone metabolism, and bone remodeling. However, determination of bone formation levels is under many layers of control that are as yet fully defined. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) plays a key role in regulation of bone formation while its downstream targets are still incompletely understood. Lgr4 gene encodes an orphan receptor and has been identified as a genetic determinant for bone mass in osteoporotic patients. Here, we examine the effects of BMP on the expression of Lgr4 in osteoblastic cells. Lgr4 gene is expressed in an osteoblastic cell line, MC3T3E1 in a time dependent manner during the culture. BMP treatment enhances Lgr4 mRNA expression at least in part via transcriptional event. When Lgr4 mRNA is knocked down, the levels of BMP-induced increase in alkaline phosphatase (Alp) activity and Alp mRNA are suppressed. BMP enhancement of Lgr4 gene expression is suppressed by FGF and reversed by dexamethasone. BMP also enhances Lgr4 expression in primary cultures of calvarial osteoblasts. These data indicate that Lgr4 gene is regulated by BMP and is required for BMP effects on osteoblastic differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887-895
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume231
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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