Blossom-end rot in fruit vegetables

Hiroki Ikeda, Yoshinori Kanayama

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Calcium (Ca) is an essential element for plant growth, as calcium deficiency causes various disorders in some types of horticultural crops. The most significant calcium deficiency disorder is blossom-end rot (BER) of fruit vegetables. In tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), one of the most important vegetables in the world, the incidence of BER often becomes a serious problem in agricultural production and results in financial losses. The typical external symptoms of BER in tomato are water-soaked tissues, necrosis, and discoloring of tissues in the distal portion of the fruit. BER develops in the necrotic region of the parenchymal tissue surrounding young seeds and the distal placenta in the internal tissue of the fruit. The symptoms and causes of BER have been extensively studied, and BER is assumed to be related to Ca deficiency of the fruit. Here, we reviewed symptoms and physiological mechanisms of BER that are related to Ca concentration in fruit tissue and focus on recent molecular genetic research on tomato BER.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbiotic Stress Biology in Horticultural Plants
PublisherSpringer Japan
Pages117-126
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9784431552512
ISBN (Print)9784431552505
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Blossom-end rot
  • Ca-ATPase
  • Calcium
  • Cation exchanger
  • Fruit vegetable
  • Tomato

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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