Biosynthesis of Indole Diterpene Lolitrems: Radical-Induced Cyclization of an Epoxyalcohol Affording a Characteristic Lolitremane Skeleton

Yulu Jiang, Taro Ozaki, Mei Harada, Tadachika Miyasaka, Hajime Sato, Kazunori Miyamoto, Junichiro Kanazawa, Chengwei Liu, Jun ichi Maruyama, Masaatsu Adachi, Atsuo Nakazaki, Toshio Nishikawa, Masanobu Uchiyama, Atsushi Minami, Hideaki Oikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Lolitrems are tremorgenic indole diterpenes that exhibit a unique 5/6 bicyclic system of the indole moiety. Although genetic analysis has indicated that the prenyltransferase LtmE and the cytochrome P450 LtmJ are involved in the construction of this unique structure, the detailed mechanism remains to be elucidated. Herein, we report the reconstitution of the biosynthetic pathway for lolitrems employing a recently established genome-editing technique for the expression host Aspergillus oryzae. Heterologous expression and bioconversion of the various intermediates revealed that LtmJ catalyzes multistep oxidation to furnish the lolitrem core. We also isolated the key reaction intermediate with an epoxyalcohol moiety. This observation allowed us to establish the mechanism of radical-induced cyclization, which was firmly supported by density functional theory calculations and a model experiment with a synthetic analogue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17996-18002
Number of pages7
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume59
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 5

Keywords

  • cyclization
  • cytochrome P450
  • lolitrem
  • natural products
  • radical reactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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