Biomass gasification to hydrogen and syngas at low temperature: Novel catalytic system using fluidized-bed reactor

Mohammad Asadullah, Shin Ichi Ito, Kimio Kunimori, Muneyoshi Yamada, Keiichi Tomishige

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

212 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed a novel catalytic process for hydrogen and syngas production from biomass at very low temperature using an excellent catalyst (Rh/CeO2/SiO2) in a continuous-feeding fluidized-bed reactor using cellulose as a model compound. The catalyst simultaneously promoted the reforming and combustion reactions of pyrolyzed products of cellulose, such as tar, char, and so forth, and the water-gas shift reaction. In the presence of a mixture of air and steam, the cellulose completely converted to gas products at 773 K. This work can represent a new and energy efficient approach to the synthesis of hydrogen and syngas from biomass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-259
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume208
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biomass gasification
  • Catalytic gasification
  • Fluidized-bed reactor
  • Hydrogen
  • Syngas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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