Biochemical studies of two rat acyl-CoA synthetases, ACS1 and ACS2

Hiroaki Iijima, Takahiro Fujino, Hiroyuki Minekura, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Man Jong Kang, Tokuo Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two types of acyl-CoA synthetase (ACS), designated ACS1 and ACS2, are structurally similar isozymes with different tissue distributions. The two enzymes are organized into the following five regions: an NH2 terminus; two luciferase-like regions; a linker connecting the luciferase-like regions; a COOH terminus. Under the control of a lac promoter, rat ACS1 and ACS2 were overproduced in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. The specific activities of the purified ACS1 and ACS2 were 26.2 μmol · min-1 · mg-1 and 7.4 μmol · min-1 · mg-1, respectively, and the most efficiently utilized saturated fatty acids were those with 10-18 carbon atoms. Among unsaturated fatty acids with 16-22 carbon atoms, the most preferred substrates were palmitoleate, oleate and linoleate for ACS1, and, for ACS2, oleate, arachidonate, eicosapentaenoate and docosahexaenoate. To determine the functionally important regions in the ACS isozymes, we constructed five ACS1 mutants lacking each of the five regions. Introduction of these mutants into E. coli revealed that all five regions in ACS1 are required for functional expression of the enzyme in E. coli; deletion of any one of the five regions almost completely abolished the enzyme activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-190
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume242
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Acyl-CoA synthetase
  • Fatty acid
  • Luciferase family
  • Mutation analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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