Biochemical features of genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with valine-to-isoleucine substitution at codon 180 on the prion protein gene

Yoko Ito, Nobuo Sanjo, Masaki Hizume, Atsushi Kobayashi, Tetsuya Ohgami, Katsuya Satoh, Tsuyoshi Hamaguchi, Masahito Yamada, Tetsuyuki Kitamoto, Hidehiro Mizusawa, Takanori Yokota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Valine-to-isoleucine substitution at codon 180 of the prion protein gene is only observed in patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and accounts for approximately half of all cases of genetic prion disease in Japan. In the present study, we investigated the biochemical characteristics of valine-to-isoleucine substitution at codon 180 in the prion protein gene, using samples obtained from the autopsied brains of seven patients with genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease exhibiting this mutation (diagnoses confirmed via neuropathological examination). Among these patients, we observed an absence of diglycosylated and monoglycosylated forms of PrPres at codon 181. Our findings further indicated that the abnormal prion proteins were composed of at least three components, although smaller carboxyl-terminal fragments were predominant. Western blot analyses revealed large amounts of PrPres in the cerebral neocortices, where neuropathological examination revealed marked spongiosis. Relatively smaller amounts of PrPres were detected in the hippocampus, where milder spongiosis was observed, than in the cerebral neocortex. These findings indicate that abnormal prion proteins in the neocortex are associated with severe toxicity, resulting in severe spongiosis. Our findings further indicate that the valine-to-isoleucine substitution is not a polymorphism, but rather an authentic pathogenic mutation associated with specific biochemical characteristics that differ from those observed in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1055-1061
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume496
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 19

Keywords

  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
  • Genetic prion disease
  • PRNP
  • PrP
  • Prion protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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