Biocatalysis conversion of methanol to methane in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor: Long-term performance and inherent deficiencies

Xueqin Lu, Guangyin Zhen, Mo Chen, Kengo Kubota, Yu You Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Long-term performance of methanol biocatalysis conversion in a lab-scale UASB reactor was evaluated. Properties of granules were traced to examine the impact of methanol on granulation. Methanolic wastewater could be stably treated during initial 240d with the highest biogas production rate of 18.6±5.7L/Ld at OLR 48g-COD/Ld. However, the reactor subsequently showed severe granule disintegration, inducing granule washout and process upsets. Some steps (e.g. increasing influent Ca2+ concentration, etc.) were taken to prevent rising dispersion, but no clear improvement was observed. Further characterizations in granules revealed that several biotic/abiotic factors all caused the dispersion: (1) depletion of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and imbalance of protein/polysaccharide ratio in EPS; (2) restricted formation of hard core and weak Ca-EPS bridge effect due to insufficient calcium supply; and (3) simplification of species with the methanol acclimation. More efforts are required to solve the technical deficiencies observed in methanolic wastewater treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-700
Number of pages10
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume198
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS)
  • Granular sludge
  • Methane
  • Methanol
  • Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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