Bimodal behavior of C-S-H interpreted from short-term length change and water vapor sorption isotherms of hardened cement paste

Ippei Maruyama, Go Igarashi, Yukiko Nishioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract Short-term length change isotherms (SLCIs) and water vapor sorption isotherms are useful to eliminate the effects of the colloidal features of C-S-H. SLCIs of hardened cement pastes initially conditioned by drying to equilibrium at different relative humidities (RHs) were measured over a complete RH loop between 5% and 98%. Based on the correlation between incremental thickness of adsorption and incremental strain from 40% to 98% RH, the basal spacing of C-S-H above 40% RH appears to increase further with increasing water vapor sorption. However, no correlation of these values was found from 5% to 40% RH and the basal spacing is considered stable in this domain. These properties of C-S-H are directly related to its isothermal volume change as a function of RH. It can be concluded that the dominant shrinkage driver above 40% RH is disjoining or hydration pressure and that below 40% RH is change in surface energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4930
Pages (from-to)158-168
Number of pages11
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume73
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul

Keywords

  • Adsorption (C)
  • Calcium-silicate-hydrate (C-S-H) (B)
  • Drying (A)
  • Shrinkage (C)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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