Bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia with megalencephaly: A case report

Yu Abe, Satoru Kobayashi, Keisuke Wakusawa, Soichiro Tanaka, Takehiko Inui, Toshiyuki Yamamoto, Shinji Kunishima, Kazuhiro Haginoya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia is a neuronal migration disorder characterized by gray matter cellular rests in the periventricular regions.Megalencephaly has not been reported in children with bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia.Noother disorder with a similar phenotype has been reported. Here we report the case of a 5-year-old Japanese boy with bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia and megalencephaly. Relative macrocephaly was evident at birth, and bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia and megalencephaly were noted on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, no hydrocephalus or indication of cerebral cortical dysplasia was seen. A mild intellectual disability was present, but the patient had no history of seizures. Genetic analysis revealed no mutation on the capillary sequences for FLNA, and no pathogenic abnormalities were evident on array comparative genomic hybridization. This case could represent a new disease entity: bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia with megalencephaly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)818-822
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun

Keywords

  • Bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia
  • Macrocephaly
  • Megalencephaly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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