To compare combination therapy with bicalutamide 80 mg and a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist (LHRH-A) versus LHRH-A alone in Japanese men with untreated advanced prostate cancer. A total of 205 patients with stage C/D prostate cancer were randomized to either LHRH-+once-daily oral bicalutamide 80 mg or placebo. Primary study variables have been reported previously. Secondary variables included: time to achieve prostate-specific antigen ≤4 ng/ml, time-to-treatment failure (TTTF), time-to-disease progression (TTP), overall survival (OS), adverse events and adverse drug reactions. Following combination therapy with bicalutamide 80 mg, there were significant (P=0.001) advantages over LHRH-A alone in terms of TTTF and TTP, but the difference in the interim OS was not statistically significant. First-line combination therapy with bicalutamide 80 mg in Japanese patients with advanced prostate cancer offers significant benefits over LHRH-A alone, with respect to TTTF and TTP. Follow-up for OS continues.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research