Better Healing of the Exit Site with Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy

Takefumi Mori, Shinichi Sato, Ikuko Oba-Yabana, Takuo Hirose, Satoshi Kinugasa, Yoshikazu Muroya, Kohei Ota, Shingo Nakayama, Hannah Nakamura, Junichi Tani, Chika Takahashi, Sadayoshi Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Exit-site infection poses a risk for peritonitis and can shorten peritoneal dialysis (PD) vintage. A loose fit of the skin around the catheter at the exit site can push bacteria surrounding the catheter into the subcutaneous tunnel. Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been used to hasten healing of the wound after an operation or to treat pressure ulcers. We hypothesized that NPWT could speed the healing of the exit site and tighten the fit of the skin around the catheter. Using a V.A.C. Therapy system [vacuum-assisted closure (KCI, San Antonio, TX, U.S.A.)], NPWT was therefore applied in 9 patients for 1 - 2 weeks after the PD catheter insertion operation. Results in those patients were compared with results in patients who did not receive NPWT.The healed exit site was classified as either tightly fitted (when the skin was tightly connected around the PD catheter) or loosely fitted (when the skin was not tightly connected around the catheter). The relevant data were retrieved from the medical record and analyzed retrospectively.Patients who received NPWT had a tight exit site after 1 - 2 weeks. Those who did not receive NPWT did not have a tight exit site after 1 - 2 weeks. No bleeding was observed in patients receiving NPWT. Bleeding from the exit site after the catheter insertion operation was observed in 3 patients not receiving NPWT.Because we use a fine trocar to make the subcutaneous catheter tunnel, bleeding from the vasculature can often be observed. That bleeding could be minimized with the application of NPWT. Negative pressure could also hasten wound healing and result in a tight fit of the skin around the catheter within in 1 - 2 weeks compared with the 1 month typically required with the use of conventional film dressings.Negative-pressure wound therapy is beneficial for creating a tight fit of the skin to the catheter within 1 - 2 weeks and might reduce the number of exit-site and tunnel infections, which could result in a reduction in the peritonitis rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-57
Number of pages5
JournalAdvances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis
Volume34
Issue number2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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