Amlodipine increases NO levels in coronary vessels and aorta via bradykinin-dependent mechanisms in vitro. We have previously reported that a long-acting Ca channel blocker, benidipine, increases cardiac NO levels in ischemic canine hearts, suggesting that benidipine may also protect against ischemia and reperfusion injury via bradykinin- and NO-dependent mechanisms. We examined this possibility. In open chest dogs, the left anterior descending coronary artery was perfused with blood through a bypass tube and was occluded for 90 min followed by 6 hours of reperfusion. Infarct size was assessed by TTC staining at 6 hours of reperfusion. When benidipine doses of 50, 100, and 200 ng/kg/min were infused via the bypass tube between 10 min prior to the onset of ischemia and after 60 min of reperfusion, systemic blood pressure did not change significantly. Infarct size decreased with the administration of benidipine (50, 100, and 200 ng/kg/min) when compared to the untreated condition (24.8 ± 2.5, 17.3 ± 3.1, and 16.5 ± 2.0 vs. 43.4 ± 5.6%, respectively) associated with the increased release of NO and bradykinin in the coronary venous blood upon reperfusion. Myeloperoxidase activity of the myocardium increased after 6 hours of reperfusion, which was attenuated by benidipine. The limitation of infarct size and the increase in myeloperoxidase activity were completely blunted by either L-NAME or HOE140. There were no significant differences in collateral blood flow assessed by the microsphere method after 45 min of ischemia for any of the groups. Thus, we conclude that the Ca channel blocker, benidipine, limits infarct size via bradykinin-and NO-dependent mechanisms.
- Ca channel
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pharmacology (medical)