Benefits of a nationwide palliative care education program on lung cancer physicians

Akira Inoue, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Keiko Tanaka, Akihiro Sakashita, Keisuke Aoe, Nobuhiko Seki, Koichi Hagiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective The early integration of palliative care into standard cancer treatment has become a global standard. The Palliative care Emphasis program on symptom management and Assessment for Continuous medical Education (PEACE) has been conducted in Japan, and previous studies have reported that the PEACE workshop was able to improve various palliative care skills of participants. However, whether or not the effects of the program are long-lasting and if the program consequently changed physicians’ practice with regard to lung cancer patients have been unclear. Methods Web-based surveys, including the palliative care knowledge test (PEACE-Q), the Palliative Care self-reported Practice Scale (PCPS), and the Palliative Care Difficulties Scale (PCDS), were conducted among lung cancer physicians in Japan. The differences in the survey results between participants and nonparticipants of the PEACE workshop were examined. Results Among 923 respondents (455 respiratory physicians, 345 pulmonary surgeons, and 123 others), 519 had participated in the PEACE workshop. The total PEACE-Q score was significantly higher in the PEACE workshop participants than in non-participants (28.0 versus 24.5, p<0.0001). The score was significantly higher in respiratory physicians than in pulmonary surgeons (27.4 versus 25.5). The total PCPS and PCDS scores were also significantly better in workshop participants than in non-participants (71.8 versus 67.1 and 34.3 versus 36.9, respectively), although some domains of PCDS were similar between the groups. Conclusion The PEACE program improved the knowledge and practices with regard to palliative care and resolved difficulties associated therewith among lung cancer physicians. In regions where palliative care specialists are insufficient, such educational programs may be effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1399-1403
Number of pages5
JournalInternal Medicine
Volume58
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Education
  • Lung cancer
  • Palliative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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