Background: Although balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) improves symptoms and pulmonary hemodynamics in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), the effects of riociguat on hemodynamics and exercise capacity in patients after BPA remain to be elucidated. Methods and Results: This study was a single-center, prospective, randomized, open-label trial. From November 2015 to November 2018, we prospectively examined 21 patients with CTEPH (65 ± 9 years old, M/F 2/19) who showed hemodynamic improvement with mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) < 30 mmHg after BPA without any vasodilators. We performed hemodynamic evaluation and expired gas analysis both at rest and during exercise in supine position using cycle ergometer. After right heart catheterization during exercise, they were randomly assigned to 2 groups with minimized method, using age, sex, and resting mPAP; riociguat (N = 10) and control (N = 11) groups. After 6 months, exercise capacity evaluated by 6-min walk distance and cardiopulmonary exercise testing, and resting hemodynamic parameters were comparable in both groups. However, cardiac output (CO) (6.0 ± 1.7–7.4 ± 1.6, P < 0.01) and pulmonary vascular resistance (4.8 ± 1.8–3.2 ± 0.7 Wood units, P = 0.02) at peak workload were significantly improved in the riociguat group as compared with the control group. The slope of linearized mPAP-CO relationship was significantly decreased in the riociguat group [14.5 (7.8, 14.7) to 6.41 (5.1, 11.4), P < 0.01] but not in the control group. Conclusions: These results indicate that riociguat exerts beneficial effects on hemodynamic response to exercise in CTEPH patients even after hemodynamic improvement by BPA.
- Balloon pulmonary angioplasty
- Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension
- Riociguat, exercise response
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine