Benchmarking plant diversity of Palaearctic grasslands and other open habitats

Idoia Biurrun, Remigiusz Pielech, Iwona Dembicz, François Gillet, Łukasz Kozub, Corrado Marcenò, Triin Reitalu, Koenraad Van Meerbeek, Riccardo Guarino, Milan Chytrý, Robin J. Pakeman, Zdenka Preislerová, Irena Axmanová, Sabina Burrascano, Sándor Bartha, Steffen Boch, Hans Henrik Bruun, Timo Conradi, Pieter De Frenne, Franz EsslGoffredo Filibeck, Michal Hájek, Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, Anna Kuzemko, Zsolt Molnár, Meelis Pärtel, Ricarda Pätsch, Honor C. Prentice, Jan Roleček, Laura M.E. Sutcliffe, Massimo Terzi, Manuela Winkler, Jianshuang Wu, Svetlana Aćić, Alicia T.R. Acosta, Elias Afif, Munemitsu Akasaka, Juha M. Alatalo, Michele Aleffi, Alla Aleksanyan, Arshad Ali, Iva Apostolova, Parvaneh Ashouri, Zoltán Bátori, Esther Baumann, Thomas Becker, Elena Belonovskaya, José Luis Benito Alonso, Asun Berastegi, Ariel Bergamini, Kuber Prasad Bhatta, Ilaria Bonini, Marc Olivier Büchler, Vasyl Budzhak, Álvaro Bueno, Fabrizio Buldrini, Juan Antonio Campos, Laura Cancellieri, Marta Carboni, Tobias Ceulemans, Alessandro Chiarucci, Cristina Chocarro, Luisa Conti, Anna Mária Csergő, Beata Cykowska-Marzencka, Marta Czarniecka-Wiera, Marta Czarnocka-Cieciura, Patryk Czortek, Jiří Danihelka, Francesco de Bello, Balázs Deák, László Demeter, Lei Deng, Martin Diekmann, Jiri Dolezal, Christian Dolnik, Pavel Dřevojan, Cecilia Dupré, Klaus Ecker, Hamid Ejtehadi, Brigitta Erschbamer, Javier Etayo, Jonathan Etzold, Tünde Farkas, Mohammad Farzam, George Fayvush, María Rosa Fernández Calzado, Manfred Finckh, Wendy Fjellstad, Georgios Fotiadis, Daniel García-Magro, Itziar García-Mijangos, Rosario G. Gavilán, Markus Germany, Sahar Ghafari, Gian Pietro Giusso del Galdo, John Arvid Grytnes, Behlül Güler, Alba Gutiérrez-Girón, Aveliina Helm, Mercedes Herrera, Elisabeth M. Hüllbusch, Nele Ingerpuu, Annika K. Jägerbrand, Ute Jandt, Monika Janišová, Philippe Jeanneret, Florian Jeltsch, Kai Jensen, Anke Jentsch, Zygmunt Kącki, Kaoru Kakinuma, Jutta Kapfer, Mansoureh Kargar, András Kelemen, Kathrin Kiehl, Philipp Kirschner, Asuka Koyama, Nancy Langer, Lorenzo Lazzaro, Jan Lepš, Ching Feng Li, Frank Yonghong Li, Diego Liendo, Regina Lindborg, Swantje Löbel, Angela Lomba, Zdeňka Lososová, Pavel Lustyk, Arantzazu L. Luzuriaga, Wenhong Ma, Simona Maccherini, Martin Magnes, Marek Malicki, Michael Manthey, Constantin Mardari, Felix May, Helmut Mayrhofer, Eliane Seraina Meier, Farshid Memariani, Kristina Merunková, Ottar Michelsen, Joaquín Molero Mesa, Halime Moradi, Ivan Moysiyenko, Michele Mugnai, Alireza Naqinezhad, Rayna Natcheva, Josep M. Ninot, Marcin Nobis, Jalil Noroozi, Arkadiusz Nowak, Vladimir Onipchenko, Salza Palpurina, Harald Pauli, Hristo Pedashenko, Christian Pedersen, Robert K. Peet, Aaron Pérez-Haase, Jan Peters, Nataša Pipenbaher, Chrisoula Pirini, Eulàlia Pladevall-Izard, Zuzana Plesková, Giovanna Potenza, Soroor Rahmanian, Maria Pilar Rodríguez-Rojo, Vladimir Ronkin, Leonardo Rosati, Eszter Ruprecht, Solvita Rusina, Marko Sabovljević, Anvar Sanaei, Ana M. Sánchez, Francesco Santi, Galina Savchenko, Maria Teresa Sebastià, Dariia Shyriaieva, Vasco Silva, Sonja Škornik, Eva Šmerdová, Judit Sonkoly, Marta Gaia Sperandii, Monika Staniaszek-Kik, Carly Stevens, Simon Stifter, Sigrid Suchrow, Grzegorz Swacha, Sebastian Świerszcz, Amir Talebi, Balázs Teleki, Lubomír Tichý, Csaba Tölgyesi, Marta Torca, Péter Török, Nadezda Tsarevskaya, Ioannis Tsiripidis, Ingrid Turisová, Atushi Ushimaru, Orsolya Valkó, Carmen Van Mechelen, Thomas Vanneste, Iuliia Vasheniak, Kiril Vassilev, Daniele Viciani, Luis Villar, Risto Virtanen, Ivana Vitasović-Kosić, András Vojtkó, Denys Vynokurov, Emelie Waldén, Yun Wang, Frank Weiser, Lu Wen, Karsten Wesche, Hannah White, Stefan Widmer, Sebastian Wolfrum, Anna Wróbel, Zuoqiang Yuan, David Zelený, Liqing Zhao, Jürgen Dengler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Understanding fine-grain diversity patterns across large spatial extents is fundamental for macroecological research and biodiversity conservation. Using the GrassPlot database, we provide benchmarks of fine-grain richness values of Palaearctic open habitats for vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens and complete vegetation (i.e., the sum of the former three groups). Location: Palaearctic biogeographic realm. Methods: We used 126,524 plots of eight standard grain sizes from the GrassPlot database: 0.0001, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 and 1,000 m2 and calculated the mean richness and standard deviations, as well as maximum, minimum, median, and first and third quartiles for each combination of grain size, taxonomic group, biome, region, vegetation type and phytosociological class. Results: Patterns of plant diversity in vegetation types and biomes differ across grain sizes and taxonomic groups. Overall, secondary (mostly semi-natural) grasslands and natural grasslands are the richest vegetation type. The open-access file ”GrassPlot Diversity Benchmarks” and the web tool “GrassPlot Diversity Explorer” are now available online (https://edgg.org/databases/GrasslandDiversityExplorer) and provide more insights into species richness patterns in the Palaearctic open habitats. Conclusions: The GrassPlot Diversity Benchmarks provide high-quality data on species richness in open habitat types across the Palaearctic. These benchmark data can be used in vegetation ecology, macroecology, biodiversity conservation and data quality checking. While the amount of data in the underlying GrassPlot database and their spatial coverage are smaller than in other extensive vegetation-plot databases, species recordings in GrassPlot are on average more complete, making it a valuable complementary data source in macroecology.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13050
JournalJournal of Vegetation Science
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • GrassPlot Diversity Explorer
  • Palaearctic
  • benchmark
  • bryophyte
  • fine-grain biodiversity
  • grassland
  • lichen
  • open habitat
  • scale dependence
  • species–area relationship
  • vascular plant
  • vegetation plot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

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