Beliefs and Perceptions About Parenteral Nutrition and Hydration by Family Members of Patients With Advanced Cancer Admitted to Palliative Care Units: A Nationwide Survey of Bereaved Family Members in Japan

Koji Amano, Isseki Maeda, Tatsuya Morita, Kento Masukawa, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: There has been a growing consensus that parenteral nutrition and hydration is to be forgone in terminally ill patients with cancer. However, it remains unclear what the beliefs and perceptions of parenteral nutrition and hydration by the family members are. Objectives: To clarify their beliefs and perceptions and examine the relationships between the factors of family members, their beliefs and perceptions, and their overall satisfaction with the care the patient received at the place of death. Methods: This study was performed as a part of the cross-sectional anonymous nationwide survey of the bereaved family members of patients with cancer in Japan. Results: In total, 1001 questionnaires were sent, and 610 questionnaires were returned. Among these, 499 were analyzed. Regarding the prevalence of beliefs and perceptions about parenteral nutrition and hydration, when a patient cannot eat enough, parenteral hydration is needed was the highest (87.7%), followed by the opinions of medical staff are important in the issue of parenteral nutrition and hydration, parenteral hydration serves as a substitute for oral hydration, and if I were a patient and could not eat enough, parenteral hydration would be needed (85.1%, 81.0%, and 80.0%, respectively). We extracted two concepts as follows: belief that parenteral nutrition and hydration are beneficial and perceived need for parenteral nutrition and hydration. They were not identified as independent determinants of overall care satisfaction. Conclusion: This study showed that beliefs and perceptions about parenteral nutrition and hydration were important in the family members in palliative care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-361
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Parenteral nutrition
  • advanced cancer
  • cachexia
  • nutritional support
  • palliative care
  • parenteral hydration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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