Behavior from tsunami recorded in the multimedia sources at Kesennuma City in the 2011 Tohoku Tsunami and its simulation by using the evacuation model with pedestrian-car interaction

Fumiyasu Makinoshima, Fumihiko Imamura, Yoshi Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The evacuation behavior observed in Kesennuma City, Tohoku, Japan during the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami and a corresponding evacuation simulation are presented. We first organized the damage and evacuation behaviors observed in the target area using the results of previous studies and official surveys. In addition, we compiled all available multimedia sources recording evacuation behavior during the 2011 event to identify the precise temporal and spatial details of the evacuation behavior. Then, a tsunami evacuation simulation was developed based on all compiled evacuation data, considering the tendencies regarding the use of main roads for evacuation, residents' shelter preferences, and pedestrian-car interactions. The developed simulation was validated against the compiled evacuation behaviors by inputting the estimated initial conditions of the 2011 event. The traffic scenarios calculated in the simulation closely reproduced the actual traffic flow as observed from the evacuation data. The evacuee populations at several shelters in the simulation also quantitatively reproduced the trend of the real numbers of evacuees reported by Kesennuma City. The results of the simulation exhibited a better capability to estimate the actual evacuation behavior during the 2011 event than that achieved in previous studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1640023
JournalCoastal Engineering Journal
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Kesennuma City
  • Tsunami evacuation
  • evacuation behavior
  • evacuation simulation
  • media compilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Ocean Engineering

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