Beamforming codebook design and performance evaluation for 60GHz wideband WPANs

Junyi Wang, Zhou Lan, Chin Sean Sum, Chang Woo Pyo, Jing Gao, Tuncer Baykas, Azizur Rahman, Ryuhei Funada, Fumihide Kojima, Ismail Lakkis, Hiroshi Harada, Shuzo Kato

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

94 Citations (Scopus)


The paper proposes a codebook design to support beamforming mechanism in a wide band millimeter-wave 60GHz wireless personal area networks (60GHz WPANs) in a realistic millimeter-wave environment. The codebooks are designed symmetrically in order to mitigate the possible beam shift due to the large differences of wave lengthes at different sub-bands of a wide band communication system. In order to provide a high data rate and high performance with minimum power consumption in 60GHz systems, the codebooks are generated with 90 degree phase resolution without amplitude adjustment. The codebooks are designed for different numbers of antenna elements, supporting a multitude of antenna configurations. The paper provides codebook design mechanism, some example codebooks and some analysis on antenna gain loss due to phase shift errors of phase shifters. Simulation results shows that: (1) To keep the gain loss at the intersections of any two patterns inside the codebook lower than 1dB, the number of patterns inside the codebook shall be at least 2 times of the number of antenna elements used for pattern generation; (2) The designed codebooks are robust to phase shift errors: the gain loss is lower than 1dB with only 10% outage probability when standard deviation of phase shift errors at phase shifters is 0.5 [28.6 degree]. The proposed codebooks are a feasible design, they are the key basis of the beamforming protocol in 60GHz WPANs (IEEE 802.15.3c).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2009 IEEE 70th Vehicular Technology Conference Fall, VTC 2009 Fall
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1
Event2009 IEEE 70th Vehicular Technology Conference Fall, VTC 2009 Fall - Anchorage, AK, United States
Duration: 2009 Sep 202009 Sep 23

Publication series

NameIEEE Vehicular Technology Conference
ISSN (Print)1550-2252


Other2009 IEEE 70th Vehicular Technology Conference Fall, VTC 2009 Fall
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAnchorage, AK

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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