Beam codebook based beamforming protocol for multi-Gbps millimeter-wave WPAN systems

Junyi Wang, Zhou Lan, Chang Woo Pyo, Tuncer Baykas, Chin Sean Sum, M. Azizur Rahman, Ryuhei Funada, Fumihide Kojima, Ismail Lakkis, Hiroshi Harada, Shuuzou Kato

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

37 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we propose a feasible beamforming (BF) scheme realized in media access control (MAC) layer following the guidelines of the IEEE 802.15.3c criteria for millimeterwave 60GHz wireless personal area networks (60GHz WPANs). The proposed BF targets to minimize the BF set-up time and mitigates the high path loss of 60GHz WPAN systems. It is based on designed multi-resolution codebooks, which generate three kinds of patterns of different half power beam widths (HPBWs): quasi-omni pattern, sector and beam. These three kinds of patterns are employed in the three stages of the BF protocol, namely device-to-device (DEV-to-DEV) linking, sectorlevel searching and beam-level searching. All the three stages can be completed within one superframe, which minimizes the potential interference to other systems during BF set-up period. In this paper, we show some example codebooks and provide the details of BF procedure. Simulation results show that the setup time of the proposed BF protocol is as small as 2% when compared to the exhaustive searching protocol. The proposed BF is a complete design, it re-uses commands specified in IEEE 802.15.3c, completely compliant to the standard; It has thus been adopted by IEEE 802.15.3c as an optional functionality to realize Giga-bit-per-second (Gbps) communication in WPAN Systems.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGLOBECOM 2009 - 2009 IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1
Event2009 IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM 2009 - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: 2009 Nov 302009 Dec 4

Publication series

NameGLOBECOM - IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference


Other2009 IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM 2009
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI


  • 60 GHz
  • Beam codebook
  • Beamforming
  • MAC
  • Millimeter-wave
  • Multi-Gbps
  • Protocol
  • WPAN

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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